The spring time and summer seasons are when severe weather and tornadoes often occur the most. Tornadoes are nature’s most violent storms. Spawned from powerful thunderstorms, tornadoes can cause fatalities and devastate a neighborhood in seconds. A tornado appears as a rotating, funnel-shaped cloud that extends from a thunderstorm to the ground with whirling winds that can reach 300 miles per hour. Damage paths can be in excess of one mile wide and 50 miles long. Every state is at some risk from this hazard. Some tornadoes are clearly visible, while rain or nearby low-hanging clouds obscure others. Occasionally, tornadoes develop so rapidly that little, if any, advance warning is possible. Before a tornado hits, the wind may die down and the air may become very still. A cloud of debris can mark the location of a tornado even if a funnel is not visible. Tornadoes generally occur near the trailing edge of a thunderstorm. It is not uncommon to see clear, sunlit skies behind a tornado.
There are several things you and your family can do to prepare for a tornado, as well as know what to do before, during, and after a tornado. Use these tips to keep you and your loved ones safe in the event of a tornado or severe weather.
**Click on the tabs below to view helpful tips on what to do before, during, and after a tornado**
*To begin preparing, you should build an emergency kit and make a family communications plan.
*Listen to NOAA Weather Radio or to commercial radio or television newscasts for the latest information. In any emergency, always listen to the instructions given by local emergency management officials.
*Be alert to changing weather conditions. Look for approaching storms.
*Look for the following danger signs:
-Dark, often greenish sky
-A large, dark, low-lying cloud (particularly if rotating)
-Loud roar, similar to a freight train.
-If you see approaching storms or any of the danger signs, be prepared to take shelter immediately.
If you are under a tornado warning, seek shelter immediately! Most injuries associated with high winds are from flying debris, so remember to protect your head. If you hear a tornado siren, or receive a tornado warning, follow these instructions:
If you are inside:
-Go to a pre-designated shelter area such as a safe room, basement, storm cellar, or the lowest building level. If there is no basement, go to the center of an interior room on the lowest level (closet, interior hallway) away from corners, windows, doors, and outside walls. Put as many walls as possible between you and the outside. Get under a sturdy table and use your arms to protect your head and neck.
-In a high-rise building, go to a small interior room or hallway on the lowest floor possible.
-Do not open windows and if possible, put on sturdy shoes.
If you are in a trailer or mobile home:
1. Get out immediately and go to the lowest floor of a sturdy, nearby building or a storm shelter. Mobile homes, even if tied down, offer little protection from tornadoes.
If you are outside with no shelter:
-Immediately get into a vehicle, buckle your seat belt and try to drive to the closest sturdy shelter.
-If your vehicle is hit by flying debris while you are driving, pull over and park.
-Stay in the car with the seat belt on. Put your head down below the windows; cover your head with your hands and a blanket, coat or other cushion if possible.
-If you can safely get noticeably lower than the level of the roadway, leave your car and lie in that area, covering your head with your hands
-Do not get under an overpass or bridge. You are safer in a low, flat location.
-Never try to outrun a tornado in urban or congested areas in a car or truck. Instead, leave the vehicle immediately for safe shelter.
-Watch out for flying debris. Flying debris from tornadoes causes most fatalities and injuries.
Injury may result from the direct impact of a tornado or it may occur afterward when people walk among debris and enter damaged buildings. A study of injuries after a tornado in Marion, Illinois, showed that 50 percent of the tornado-related injuries were suffered during rescue attempts, cleanup and other post-tornado activities. Nearly a third of the injuries resulted from stepping on nails. Because tornadoes often damage power lines, gas lines or electrical systems, there is a risk of fire, electrocution or an explosion. Protecting yourself and your family requires promptly treating any injuries suffered during the storm and using extreme care to avoid further hazards.
Check for injuries. Do not attempt to move seriously injured people unless they are in immediate danger of further injury. Get medical assistance immediately. If someone has stopped breathing, begin CPR if you are trained to do so. Stop a bleeding injury by applying direct pressure to the wound. Have any puncture wound evaluated by a physician. If you are trapped, try to attract attention to your location.
GENERAL SAFETY PRECAUTIONS
Here are some safety precautions that could help you avoid injury after a tornado:
-Continue to monitor your battery-powered radio or television for emergency information.
-Be careful when entering any structure that has been damaged.
-Wear sturdy shoes or boots, long sleeves and gloves when handling or walking on or near debris.
-Be aware of hazards from exposed nails and broken glass.
-Do not touch downed power lines or objects in contact with downed lines. Report electrical hazards to the police and the utility company.
-Use battery-powered lanterns, if possible, rather than candles to light homes without electrical power. If you use candles, make sure they are in safe holders away from curtains, paper, wood or other flammable items. Never leave a candle burning when you are out of the room.
-Never use generators, pressure washers, grills, camp stoves or other gasoline, propane, natural gas or charcoal-burning devices inside your home, basement, garage or camper – or even outside near an open window, door or vent. Carbon monoxide (CO) – an odorless, colorless gas that can cause sudden illness and death if you breathe it – from these sources can build up in your home, garage or camper and poison the people and animals inside. Seek prompt medical attention if you suspect CO poisoning and are feeling dizzy, light-headed or nauseated.
-Hang up displaced telephone receivers that may have been knocked off by the tornado, but stay off the telephone, except to report an emergency.
-Cooperate fully with public safety officials.
-Respond to requests for volunteer assistance by police, fire fighters, emergency management and relief organizations, but do not go into damaged areas unless assistance has been requested. Your presence could hamper relief efforts and you could endanger yourself.
Tips Provided By Ready.GOV http://www.ready.gov/tornadoes